While Kalikata and Sutanuti lost their identity as the city grew, Gobindapur was demolished to make room for the construction of new Fort William. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, was alarmed by the growing prosperity and enhanced fortifications of Kolkata. It started drying up from the middle of the 16th century. Three large villages along the east bank of the river Ganges, named, Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata were bought by the British. Pingback: A brief history of Kolkata: Journey of three isolated villages of Gobindapur, Sutanuti and Kalikata to become a major metropolis – Discovering Kolkata! The village of Kalikata existed downstream starting from current day Jorbagan and extending to a creek in the south which opened approximately at the site of current day Chandpal Ghat near the business district of B.B.D. Job Charnock favoured Sutanuti as a settlement maybe because of the natural security the location provided. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. In 2003, Kolkata High Court ruled that the Britisher cannot really be called the "founder" of Kolkata since the villages he 'found' and designed into what is today the city of Kolkata including the villages of Sutanuti, Hijili and Kalikata. Job Charnock was an administrator with the British East India Company. This is what Wikipedia has to say: Sutanuti (Bengali: সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. Kalkutta as 1690 britisk wurden, üs det Britisk Uastindien-Kompanie ham heer uunsiidelt hää. It is commonly said that the name of this part is "Sutanuti" from the business of cotton and nuts. Gobindapur was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India. Kolkata is popularly known as the “City of Joy” as well as the Cultural Capital of the Country. ( Log Out /  But where were these villages located in respect of current geography of the City? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. At that time, trade started flourishing from 13th century onwards along the port towns of Hooghly. About Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) Job Charnok of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement in 1690. The three villages were part of the khas mahal or imperial jagir (an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor himself), whose zemindari rights were held by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family of Barisha. Calcutta takes and gives, loves and hates, loses and wins but never, not once, gives up. METRO RAILWAY, KOLKATA, THE CONFLUENCE OF CULTURE, TECHNOLOGY AND ECO-FRIENDLINESS. Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. Sutanuti was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. In north one creek marked the border of the settlement of Chitpore and beginning of the village of Sutanuti. Change ). Job Charnock, an administrator with the British East India Company is traditionally credited with the honour of founding the city. In 1784 Lt. Col. Mark Wood drew a detailed map of the European settlement in Calcutta for the Commissioner of Police, which became a reference for years to come…. The English evacuees set up temporary quarters at Falta, 40 miles (64 km) downstream. It is said that the name of the place Gobindapur was named after him. Chitpore Road is the oldest Road of Kolkata, built by Sabarna Roy Choudhury family. villages (Sutanuti, Kolkata, Gobindapur ) from local landlord Sabarna Chowdhury. Sutanuti, in north Kolkata, was one of the three villages (the other two being Gobindapur and Kalikata) that were merged to form the city of Calcutta. The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. Sutanuti (Bengali: সুতানুটি) was one of the three villages which were merged to form the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) in India.The other two villages were Gobindapur and Kalikata. Tel:-33-25656192,9830424065 Tel:-33-25656192,9830424065 kalyanideb.apt@gmail.com Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Sutanuti, Gobindapur & Kalikata: The villages that grew into a metropolis, Kolkata. CONTEXT HISTORIC CONTEXT 1798-1858 – Calcutta was divided into 4 sub areas – European Kolkata (dihi Kolkata) Residential village at Gobindapur Traditional Market (Burrabazar) Riverine cloth trade mart (Sutanuti) 1839 – The city started to grow on the western fringes of ganga with jute industries coming up. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly river, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. 1) Sutanuti - There is a great deal of controversy over the naming of this section. The story dates back to Job Charnock and his chance mid-day halt near the quaint little village of Sutanuti in 1690, where the sparkle of green on the horizon promised repose to a tired British sailor. In 1756, he decided to attack Kolkata and captured it. [4], In 1596, the place is mentioned as a district of the Sirkar (or government) of Satgaon, in the book Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal, the prime minister of Akbar. four families of Basaks and one of Sheths, Armenian College and Philanthropic Academy, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School, B. T. Road Government Sponsored H. S. School, Marine Engineering and Research Institute, Government College of Engineering and Ceramic Technology, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Company, Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC), Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Holy Rosary Cathedral (Portuguese Church), Kolkata Police Friendship Cup Football Tournament, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gobindapur,_Kolkata&oldid=984559563, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, West Bengal articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 19:12. After Battle of Plassey in 1756, a more fortified Fort William was built in the village of Gobindapur in 1758 and completed in 1773 where it stands today. Only country boats operated further up the river. The village of Gobindapur was further downstream, where the Fort William stands now, and extended till Adi Ganga (Tolly’s Nullah). It is difficult to believe today that once the villages that made up Kolkata (or Calcutta) were surrounded by marshy forest land, dwelled by wild animals. Apt Enterprises, 1 A 177 Azad Hind Nagar, P O Agarpara Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal – 700109. It was protected by the river on the west and by impassable marshes on the south and the east. Kolkata /koʊlˈkɑːtɑː/(Bengali: কলকাতা) formerly Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/(Bengali: ক্যালকাটা) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! [1] Gobindaji was the family deity of the Sheths and Basaks, and so they named the village Gobindapur. Only the north-east had to be guarded.[6]. Pingback: Kalighat Temple – A Shakti Peeth and the oldest temple of Kolkata – Discovering Kolkata! The other two villages were Kalikata and Sutanuti. There is another story regarding the foundation and naming of the village. Bag. He settled in the village of Sutanuti. Calcutta, in late 17th century, was set amid marsh and forest. Tolly’s Nallah or Adi Ganga was then the outlet to the sea and ocean-going ships came up to around where Garden Reach is now, then the anchoring place for ships. The other two villages were Gobindapur and Sutanuti. This village was surrounded by thick forests dwelled by tigers, where now stands the Maidan. Towards the end of the 16th century, the Indian merchant-princes of Port Piqueno were forced to seek another market for their trade. On the south stood Gobindapur, high on the river-bank and covered with thick jungle. 1) Sutanuti - There is a great deal of controversy over the naming of this section. So they became the new landlords. It is commonly said that the name of this part is "Sutanuti" from the business of cotton and nuts. Entire surrounding area of the three villages was forested and intersected by several creeks. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. [7] Within a short period Kolkata grew considerably. Surprising, but true. The City of Kolkata made its debut in 1690 as an amalgamation of three humble villages – Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata. A site dedicated to Kolkata, by a Kolkataবাসি।. Grew considerably of goddess Kali asking him to dig the barren land on the south and oldest... The river-bank and covered with thick jungle 1756, he decided to Kolkata. 1580. [ 6 ] current geography of the location provided of Joy ” as as. Capital was relocated to Delhi they moved Out of this part is `` Sutanuti or! Blog and receive notifications of new posts by email Sheths and Basaks and. 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